Cardiovascular diseases are one of the reasons for causing death around the world. CVDs include a group of disorders like cerebrovascular diseases, coronary heart problems, and other conditions. Some of the key factors causing heart diseases and stroke include the use of tobacco and alcohol eating an unhealthy diet, and an inactive lifestyle. All these factors result in high blood pressure, diabetes, and overweight problem in the individual and increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, etc.
Cardiovascular disease includes different types of conditions. The diseases which impact the heart include:-
- Angina:- In this individual feel chest pain which caused due to by less flow of blood in the heart
- Arrhythmia include irregular heartbeat or heart rhythm
- Congenital heart disease:- It is a problem that occurs with heart function
- Coronary artery diseases impact the arteries which ensure the blood flow in the heart muscle.
- Heart attack is a sudden blockage in the blood flow of heart and oxygen supply
- Heart failure is a situation where the heart cannot contract or relax normally
- Aortic stenosis in which the heart valve gets narrow and causes a blockage to flow the blood to the heart.
- Rheumatic heart disease is a problem of strep throat that leads to inflammation in the heart and impact the heart valves function
The key symptoms of CVDs vary according to the specific condition. Like in the case of type2 diabetes or hypertension there is no sign visible in the initial stage. The key symptoms include:-
- If you feel pain or pressure in the chest then it shows the sign of angina
- Discomfort or pain in the jaw left shoulder, arms, or back
- Breath shortness
- Cold sweats
- Nausea and fatigue
However, these are common symptoms of CVD that can occur anywhere in the body
Tips for lifestyle changes
If you want to prevent the chances of CVD disease then you should following these lifestyle changes:-
- Manage your weight:- If you are suffering from obesity or overweight problem then it can increase the chances of developing various health issues like diabetes, which leads to CVD. By managing your weight you can reduce the risk of causing CVD.
- Regular exercise:- keep your body active by doing regular exercise. It keep you fit and reduce the risk of heart-related problems.
- Focus on a healthy diet:- it is good to add more vegetable, fruits and polyunsaturated fat, and omega 3 in your diet that supports a healthy heart and reduce the risk of CVD. Avoid consuming processed food, saturated fat, salt, and added sugar.
- Say no to smoking:- It is one of the key reasons for causing CVD. However, it is difficult for smoking people but it reduces the harmful effects on the heart.
There are different treatments provided to the person according to a specific type of CVD. Here are some options that include:-
- Medications are used to reduce the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, regulate heart rhythm, and improve blood flow
- Surgery like valve repair or replacement surgery
Treatment is used to provide relief in symptoms, reduce the chances of disease recurring or getting worse, as well as prevent the risk of heart failure, stroke, hospital admission, etc. According to your health condition doctor will give you the right treatment.